19th Century French-Canadian Immigration to Vermont

Michael F. Dwyer, “19th Century French-Canadian Immigration to Vermont: From Hyppolite Prunier to Fred Plumtree,” Walloomsack Review, 18, 20 – 29. “

By the beginning of the twentieth century, one could see the architectural imprint of French-Canadian settlement on the cultural landscape of Vermont. French-speaking Catholics built monumental churches in Burlington, Winooski, St. Albans, Rutland, Newport, and St. Johnsbury, among other towns. Each of these parish communities has its own stories-within-stories of French-Canadians who struggled to maintain their language, identity, and culture within an English-speaking and, sometimes hostile, Catholic hierarchy.”