In 1880, 40 Armenians resided in Massachusetts. From the late 1880s to the mid 1920s, over 100,000 Armenians came to the U.S., settling mainly in Eastern industrial cities. Pushed by political persecution and massacres of Armenians by Turkey and pulled by employment opportunities, 150 Armenians lived in Lowell in 1905, less than one percent of the city’s population of 94,889. Even this small number made Lowell one of the ten most populous Armenian communities in MA. A community developed and connections were made with Armenians in Watertown, Worcester, and Boston. Soon the Saints Vartanantz Armenian Church on Lawrence Street opened. One of the first edifices of the Armenian Apostolic Church in America, it played an important role in the community by providing religious, social, and cultural services including offering Armenian language and culture classes to children. Learn more about how Armenian immigrants and succeeding generations made their way in the mill city here.