In the 1980s, significant numbers of Brazilian immigrants settled in Massachusetts. Brazilians may be considered newcomers to the United States. Many Brazilians in Lowell and Massachusetts arrived from Governador Valadares, a city in the state of Minas Gerais. Part of the motivation to leave home was the deteriorating Brazilian economy. In fact, many Brazilians call themselves economic refugees. Brazilians identify with the Portuguese community in Lowell because of the language factor. They often sought out Portuguese-speaking communities to settle in, because they provide a network of support for those who are separated from family and trying to adjust to life in the United States.