According to the 2010 Census, 91,322 Ghanaians live in the United States. Ghanaians began arriving in the United States en masse during the 1950s and 1960s amid the Civil Rights Movement. In 1957, Ghana became the first African country to gain independence from the British. Many of the early arrivals were college students. By the 1980s and 1990s, individuals and families came for business opportunities. In general, African immigrants to the U.S. are among the most educated groups in the country. Nearly half hold a college diploma, more than double the rate of native-born white citizens. This is somewhat attributable to Ghana’s English-speaking school system. Approximately 9,000 Africans live in the city in Lowell from Cameroon, Liberia, Sierra Leone, the Ivory Coast, Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo. The migration stories and backgrounds of Africans in Lowell and throughout new England are as varied as the continent from which they come.