Queen City Culture: Immigration, Food, Culture, and Burlington’s Local Food System

Queen City Culture: Immigration, Food, Culture, and Burlington's Local Food System

Ashley Raymond, “Queen City Culture: Immigration, Food, Culture, and Burlington’s Local Food System,” Scholar Works, University of Vermont, 2019. “This research is aimed at bringing to light, the scale of influence that Burlington’s immigrant history has had on the local food system which we see today.”

Ailing Vermont Town Pins Hopes on Mideast Refugees​

Ailing Vermont Town Pins Hopes on Mideast Refugees

Jess Bidgood, “Ailing Vermont Town Pins Hopes on Mideast Refugees,” New York Times, January 2, 2017. “They hustled into the church on a biting winter evening, unburdened themselves of scarves and gloves, and settled into pews to sound out words in Arabic. “Ahlan fii Rutland,” said Fran Knapp, a retiree who lives about 20 minutes away, one of two or three dozen people who have attended a class here on rudimentary Arabic. ‘Welcome to Rutland.’ It was one of many preparations this remote city in central Vermont is making before 100 refugees from Syria and Iraq arrive here over the next year, with the first expected to come later this month.”

‘My Language Is My Language, But I’m a Vermonter’

‘My Language Is My Language, But I’m a Vermonter’

Erick Trickey, ‘My Language Is My Language, But I’m a Vermonter,’Politico Magazine, November 17, 2016. “Vermont has accepted thousands of refugees over the years, boosting the population and the economy. A debate over accepting Syrians put the state to the test.”

Finnigans, Slaters and Stonepeggers: A History of Irish in Vermont

Finnigans, Slaters and Stonepeggers: A History of Irish in Vermont

Vincent E. Feeney, Finnigans, Slaters and Stonepeggers: A History of Irish in Vermont, Images from the Past, 2009. “The first book that peels back the Yankee mythos and examines the surprisingly rich, true story of the Irish in Vermont, from the first steady trickle of colonial pioneers to the flood of famine refugees and onward… How the Irish arrived, survived, fought, labored, organized, worshipped, played, and managed to prosper.”

“Champlain, the Irish Lake,” New England Historical Society

“Champlain, the Irish Lake,” New England Historical Society

Vincent Feeney, “Champlain, the Irish Lake,” New England Historical Society. “Between 1840 and 1860, a great wave of Irish immigrants washed up on the shores of Lake Champlain. So many, in fact, that Vermont’s inland sea has been nicknamed the Irish Lake. The reason, of course, was hunger and jobs. Though Irish Catholics had started arriving in Vermont in 1820, Champlain didn’t become the Irish lake until the potato famine of the mid-1840s. They landed mostly in Burlington, which in 1850 had an Irish population of 30 percent. Tiny Georgia was 27 percent Irish that year – all young men, working on the railroad. Rutland had so many Irish the public school was called the Catholic school until as late as the 1920s.”

Twenty-Five Years and 6,300 People Later: A Vermont Refugee Report

Twenty-Five Years and 6,300 People Later: A Vermont Refugee Report

Kevin J. Kelley, “Twenty-Five Years and 6,300 People Later: A Vermont Refugee Report,” Seven Days, January 15, 2014. “Somali women in kaleidoscopic kangas brightening the Old North End; Vietnamese and Tibetan entrepreneurs selling banh mi or momo at food shops in Winooski; Bhutanese becoming suburban homeowners in Essex, Williston and South Burlington. Since 1989, at least 6,300 men, women and children have come to Vermont through a federal refugee resettlement program.”

19th Century French-Canadian Immigration to Vermont

19th Century French-Canadian Immigration to Vermont

Michael F. Dwyer, “19th Century French-Canadian Immigration to Vermont: From Hyppolite Prunier to Fred Plumtree,” Walloomsack Review, 18, 20 – 29. “

By the beginning of the twentieth century, one could see the architectural imprint of French-Canadian settlement on the cultural landscape of Vermont. French-speaking Catholics built monumental churches in Burlington, Winooski, St. Albans, Rutland, Newport, and St. Johnsbury, among other towns. Each of these parish communities has its own stories-within-stories of French-Canadians who struggled to maintain their language, identity, and culture within an English-speaking and, sometimes hostile, Catholic hierarchy.”

French Canadian Immigration to Vermont and New England (1840-1930)

French Canadian Immigration to Vermont and New England (1840-1930)

Leslie Choquette , “French Canadian Immigration to Vermont and New England (1840-1930),” Vermont History, 86 (Winter/Spring 2018): 1–8. “The Franco-American monument in Québec City lists 168 New England communities that were important migrant destinations, including twenty-one in Vermont. That list is nowhere near exhaustive.”

Pre-Famine Irish in Vermont

Pre-Famine Irish in Vermont

V. E. Feeney, “Pre-Famine Irish in Vermont, 1815–1844,” Vermont History, 74 (Summer/Fall 2006): 101–126. “On the eve of the immense migration of Irish spawned by the Great Famine of the late 1840s there was already a significant Irish presence in the Green Mountain State.”