To Be an Homme de Famille in Petit-Canada

Florence Mae Waldron, “To Be an Homme de Famille in Petit-Canada: Ethnicity and National Identity among New England’s Working-Class Migrant Men from Quebec, 1880-1920, ” The Historical Society 2008 Conference. From the paper: “Approximately one million French Canadians left Canada for the United States from the mid- nineteenth through the early twentieth centuries, nearly three-quarters of them (720,000) from 1870 to 1930. This exodus of one in three Quebec residents forever reshaped the landscape both of rural Quebec and of the U.S. cities to which these migrants flocked. Many of them went to New England, where jobs were far more numerous in the northeast’s growing industrial…”